Monday, March 23, 2015

US House lawmakers: Iran deal must halt nuclear program for 'decades 367 members of the House of Representatives

A bipartisan group of 367 House lawmakers told US President Barack Obama on Monday that any nuclear deal must constrain Iran's nuclear infrastructure for "decades" before Congress will lift sanctions.

A bipartisan group of US lawmakers has signed a letter telling President Barack Obama that any nuclear accord must constrain Iran's nuclear program for “decades” before Congress will roll back sanctions.
The letter, which was signed by 367 members of the House of Representatives and released Monday by the House Foreign Affairs Committee, said, "A final comprehensive nuclear agreement must constrain Iran's nuclear infrastructure so that Iran has no pathway to a bomb, and that agreement must be long-lasting.”
In any agreement, “Congress must be convinced that its terms foreclose any pathway to a bomb, and only then will Congress be able to consider permanent sanctions relief,” according to the letter.
House Speaker John Boehner and Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy are among those who signed the letter. 

House Speaker John Boehner (R) listens to Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy (L) speak during a press conference at the US Capitol February 25, 2015.
The letter comes at a time when officials from Iran and the P5+1 –  the US, Britain, France, China, Russia and Germany – are engaged in intense negotiations to work out a comprehensive agreement aimed at ending the longstanding dispute over the Islamic Republic’s civilian nuclear work as a July 1 deadline approaches.
The United States, Israel, and some of their allies accuse Iran of pursuing military objectives in its civilian nuclear program.
Washington and its allies have imposed illegal sanctions on Iran based on the unfounded accusation that Tehran is pursuing non-civilian objectives in its nuclear program.
Iran rejects the allegation, arguing that as a committed signatory to the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and a member of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), it has the right to use nuclear technology for peaceful purposes.
The letter, signed by a majority of Republicans and Democrats in the House, said that “negotiators must obtain maximum commitments to transparency by Iran.”
"Any inspection and verification regime must allow for short notice access to suspect locations, and verifiable constraints on Iran's nuclear program must last for decades,” it added.
The House representatives also warned Obama that any sanctions relief on Iran as part of an emerging nuclear deal would require new legislation from Congress.
"Should an agreement with Iran be reached, permanent sanctions relief from congressionally-mandated sanctions would require new legislation. In reviewing such an agreement, Congress must be convinced that its terms foreclose any pathway to a bomb, and only then will Congress be able to consider permanent sanctions relief," the letter said.
On Friday, the sixth day of the latest round of negotiations in the Swiss city of Lausanne, another meeting was held between Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif and US Secretary of State John Kerry.
John Kerry (1st L), Ernest Moniz (2nd L), Mohammad Javad Zarif (1st R), and Ali Akbar Salehi meet in Lausanne, Switzerland, March 20, 2015.
Following his talks with Kerry, Zarif said on Friday, “We made good progress over this week. We’ve done a lot of hard work, but some work remains ahead.” On Saturday, Kerry said that "substantial ​progress" had been made toward a final accord.
The negotiations are supposed to resume this week in Switzerland.

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