Sunday, April 27, 2014

NASA - Mission to Mars is necessary for the survival of the Human Race?

A manned mission to Mars is necessary for our species to survive, "says the head of NASA, Charles Bolden as outlines a three-step plan to land humans on the Red Planet in 2030. 
To achieve this stellar ambition, Mr. Bolden, head of the U.S. space program, and a veteran shuttle pilot, outlined a series of "stepping stones" to Mars, which include 'lasso' an asteroid and bring it into the orbit of Moon in 2015, growing plants in space and the use of 3D printers for repairs on board. 
These steps in advance of a return trip three years to the red planet not only would scientists new samples from outer space, but would make a valuable field test key technologies necessary for manned missions. 
Speaking in humans to Mars dome, Mr. Bolden told The Times:. 'If this species is to survive indefinitely must become a kind of multi-planet need to go to Mars, and Mars is a springboard to other solar systems.

An image of the surface of Mars, taken by Viking 1 (Photo: NASA)

Mr. Bolden also revealed more projects in development. These included Solar Electric Propulsion System NASA - An Ion thruster that uses beams of electrically charged atoms to navigate in deep space - and the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle, which is billed as the next generation of spacecraft that will be used for future trips to the moon and Mars. 

A vehicle that resembles the modules of the Apollo Project. So is the successor to the space shuttle (NASA Photo)

In the opinion of some experts was an important measure to rename the old with the name Orion Vehicle Crew with Multipurpose ("Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle"). This new name not only provide an alternative to the use of the Soyuz spacecraft for crew and cargo delivery to the ISS, it may also be used as a platform for more distant releases Earth.
As stated in the plans of the Constellation Program at NASA (Constellation Program), the Obama administration wants to dominate the transport of cargo and crew into space by private companies like SpaceX while NASA should engage in more ambitious and more distant missions outer space, including a trip to Mars by 2030.
The initial version of the MPCV can not be used to carry astronauts to Mars, although a modified version thereof, will accompany the ship to the moon With further modifications, the new vehicle can be used for much longer trips in space, such as to carry and deliver small loads crews, more securely in the vehicle both on the outward and return from Mars in the next 20 years.
The MPCV does not have the charm of the space shuttle, but at a time when private companies are competing increasingly in lower altitudes, this new vehicle could also be a practical means of ensuring a safe path to astronauts in space.
The NASA Administrator Charles Bolden explains the goals of the new project: "We are committed to space exploration at altitudes higher than those of low-orbit satellites (LEOs, Low-Earth Satellites) and seek to develop the next generation of systems us can take you there "- said Bolden.
The legislation allows a new strategy shows a very clear path ahead for NASA could forgo the shuttle to the International Space Station, transferring it to their private sector partners, so that he may devote himself to space exploration farther.
Charles Bolden also explains what will come in the future: "As we continue to work aggressively to create a heavy launch vehicle, go ahead with the existing to keep the development of our new vehicle transporting astronauts contract."
Critical to these bold plans, the head of the space agency also highlighted the need to increase funding for the White House. 
Mr. Bolden, who flew the space shuttle that deployed the Hubble telescope in 1990, added: "With some increases in NASA's budget, we will be able to reach Mars in 2030.

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